Brown paid local children to collect stray dogs off the street for his experiments with direct and alternating current. These lamps had been around for most of the 19th century but by the late s were beginning to be installed in cities in large scale systems powered by central generating plants.
Tesla quit his job in and a few years later received a number of patents for his AC technology. Morgan to take over Westinghouse Electric. In addition, Thomas Edison himself sent a letter to the city government of Scranton, Pennsylvania recommending Brown as an expert on the dangers of AC.
Brown then applied volts of alternating current which killed the dog.
Westinghouse pointed out in letters to various newspapers the number of fires caused by DC equipment and suggested that Brown was obviously being controlled by Edison, something Brown continually denied.
He invited Edison to visit him in Pittsburgh and said "I believe there has been a systemic attempt on the part of some people to do a great deal of mischief and create as great a difference as possible between the Edison Company and The Westinghouse Electric Co.
William Kemmler was sentenced to die in the electric chair around June 24,but before the sentence War currents be carried out an appeal was filed on the grounds that it constituted cruel and unusual punishment under the US Constitution.
Electric chair A June 30, Scientific American illustration of what the new electric chair might look like.
Feeks was killed almost instantly, his body falling into the tangle of wire, sparking, burning, and smoldering for the better part of an hour while a horrified crowd of thousands gathered below.
As arc lighting systems War currents so did stories of how the high voltages involved were killing people, usually unwary linemen, a strange new phenomenon that seemed to instantaneously strike a victim dead.
The majority of the letters were correspondence between Brown and Thomson-Houston on the topic of acquiring the three Westinghouse generators for the state of New York as well as using one of them in an efficiency test.
In this second demonstration, three dogs were killed in quick succession with volts of AC. All of the companies had their own electric power systems, arc lighting systems, and even incandescent lamp designs for domestic lighting, leading to constant lawsuits and patent battles between themselves and with Edison.
Legislation to give all the utilities 90 days to move their lines into underground conduits supplied by the city was slowly making its way through the government but that was also being fought in court by the United States Illuminating Company, who claimed their AC lines were perfectly safe.
The Westinghouse Electric Company was formed at the beginning of Southwick to seek some application for the curious phenomenon. Shallenberger developed an induction meter that used a rotating magnetic field for measuring alternating current giving the company a way to calculate how much electricity a customer used.
The pamphlet also emphasized the safety and efficiency of direct current, with the claim DC had not caused a single death, and included newspaper stories of accidental electrocutions caused by alternating current. Westinghouse saw a way to build a truly competitive system instead of simply building another barely competitive DC lighting system using War currents just different enough to get around the Edison patents.
At this meeting, supporters of AC provided anecdotal stories from electricians on how they had survived shocks from AC at voltages up to volts and argued that DC was the more dangerous of the two.
There were many rebuttals to Browns claims in the newspapers and letters to the board, with people pointing out he was showing no scientific evidence that AC was more dangerous than DC.
He opened his first power plant, in New York City, in The term "Westinghoused" was put forward as well as "Gerrycide" after death penalty commission head Elbridge Gerryand "Browned".Jan 30, · During their bitter dispute, dubbed the War of the Currents, Edison championed the direct-current system, in which electrical current flows steadily in one direction, while Tesla and Westinghouse promoted the alternating-current system, in which the current’s flow constantly alternates.
Feb 01, · Backed by J.P. Morgan, Edison dazzles the world by lighting Manhattan. But Westinghouse, aided by Nikola Tesla, has seen fatal flaws in Edison's direct current design.
Igniting a war of currents, Westinghouse and Tesla bet everything on risky and dangerous alternating current/10(). So it appears the War of the Currents may not be over yet. But instead of continuing in a heated AC vs. DC battle, it looks like the two currents will end up working parallel to each other in a sort of hybrid armistice.
War of the Currents: Thomas Edison Vs Nikola Tesla (Scientific Rivalries and Scandals) Library Binding – August 1, by/5(2). The War of Currents was a great science and technology feud in the late s between the Edison Electric Light Company and Westinghouse Electric Company over what electric power transmission system should be used.
The war of the currents grew out of the development of two lighting systems; arc lighting running on alternating current and incandescent lighting running on direct current. Both were supplanting gas lighting systems, with arc lighting taking over large area/street lighting, and incandescent lighting replacing gas for business and residential lighting.Download