This step can involve anything from a few seconds of though to a few months or more of formal collaborative planning, depending on the nature of the decision. Rules and decision making are at the center of this process. Managers may seek to determine potential causes of a problem, the people and processes involved in the issue and any constraints placed on the decision-making process.
Probable cause means there are facts or apparent facts indicating that evidence of criminality can be found in a specific place. Most inmates do not serve the complete term and are released before the expiration of their maximum sentences.
With a reversal, the original trial becomes moot that is, it is as though it never happened. As criminal justice scholar Joel Samaha notes, the U. The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, for example, govern the procedure in all criminal proceedings in courts of the United States.
Constitution and Bill of Rights, state constitutions, the U. Before the trial, the defendant appears in court and enters a plea. Under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, an indictment is required when prosecuting a capital offense. References 1 Cliffs Notes: Discretion, or making decisions without formal rules, is common in criminal justice.
If the accused is found guilty, a judge metes out a sentence. Implement the Plan There is no time to second guess yourself when you put your decision into action. The most common pleas are guilty and not guilty.
An investigation may require a search, an exploratory inspection of a person or property. Probable cause is the standard of proof required for a search. The purpose of a criminal investigation is to gather evidence to identify a suspect and support an arrest.
Consider seeking outside advice if you have gone through all the previous steps on your own; asking for a second opinion can provide a new perspective on the problem and your potential solutions. Appeals filed by attorneys in appellate courts and then ruled on by appellate judges.
Release may be obtained by serving the maximum sentence mandated by a court or through an early release mechanism, such as parole or pardon.
Arraignment by a judge. A stop on the street requires fewer facts than an arrest; an arrest requires fewer facts than an indictment; an indictment requires fewer facts than a criminal conviction. Code, state codes, court decisions, federal rules of criminal procedure, state rules of criminal procedure, and department and agency rules and regulations.
Judges also use discretion when setting bail, accepting or rejecting plea bargains, ruling on pretrial motions, and sentencing. Usually, in plea bargaining, the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a charge reduction or sentence reduction.SUMMARY OF THE STEPS OF THE ETHICAL DECISION MAKING PROCESS 1.
2. Gather the facts 3. Define the ethical issues 4. Identify the affected parties (stakeholders). 7 STEPS TO EFFECTIVE DECISION MAKING Decision making is the process of making choices by identifying a decision, gathering information, steps of the process to make a new decision.
For example, you might want to gather more detailed or somewhat di˛erent information or explore additional alternatives.
public, nonprofit, and for-profit agencies The flow of decision making in the criminal justice system **figure pp 17** police prosecution courts corrections Steps in the decision-making process 13 different steps 1) investigation 2) arrest: %(1).
Basic Steps of the Criminal Justice System This is the basic process that criminal cases follow, but not all cases go through each step. Certain. Start studying 13 steps to the criminal justice process. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Steps in the Decision-Making Process The CJS consist of 13 steps: Flow of Decision Making in the Criminal Justice Process Police, prosecution, courts, and corrections are bound together through a series of exchange relationships. The Criminal Justice Wedding Cake (Figure )%(1).Download