Review the exercise to show the effect of the transitions. Explain that they will have an opportunity to get feedback on their drafts and revise them before writing the final draft. Often the introduction is more general in the beginning and slowly becomes more specific as it transitions to the thesis statement, which should be the most specific part of the introduction.
You may decide to use only the outline if students do not need as much scaffolding. Have students read over the chart, and ask about words they have questions about before completing the exercises at the bottom of the page.
They must give credit to the source for any facts and statistics they use in the paper that are not their own work. Learning experiences are organized to begin with full-class review and analysis of a sample text. One way to describe the introduction is to compare it to an inverted triangle or the top section of an hourglass.
For some, sequential order might work well. Finally, explain that the conclusion should summarize their main points and restate their thesis. If possible, plan to hold class in a computer lab or a place where students can conduct online research.
Take a few minutes to revisit this essay. Explain that they should find a logical order for their paragraphs. Remind students that while the Internet is widely available to the public, any information found there and used directly in a paper must be appropriately documented.
How can a cause-and-effect essay be organized in different ways? The chart lists common transitions used for different purposes in a paper. Give students time to write their rough drafts in class or assign them as homework.
Instructional Procedures Focus Question: If necessary, review with students the guidelines for research. Choose examples and discuss how different words show different relationships between causes and effects and therefore when you would use one over another. A good resource for citation guidelines is at http: Large-group discussion of transitions ends the lesson as students begin to draft their own essays.
Encourage them to come up with an interesting fact, example, or anecdote to introduce their topic. Explain to students that transitions are like dots of glue that hold the ideas of their paper together. Encourage students to choose the order that will best present their ideas.
They must also put in quotation marks any words or phrases that they copy directly from a source. Approve this list and ensure its focus before they begin. Tell students to use the chart as a resource while they complete their drafts.
Video playback may not work on all devices. For example, in the paragraph about increasing physical abilities, the author gives facts showing that participating in a sport increases speed, muscular mass, stamina, lung capacity, and elasticity.
Help students stay focused by having them generate a list of specific key words or phrases that they will search to support their thesis statements.
This is written at a higher readability level and has a less traditional organization format for cause-and-effect analysis. Tell students that their research should support each topic sentence.
Explain that cause-and-effect essays may be structured in various ways. While some students may have topics for which they can generate their own details and examples, other topics may require outside research. Related Instructional Videos Note: Then students work independently to develop their chosen topics.The Essay Map is an interactive graphic organizer that enables students to organize and outline their ideas for an informational, definitional, or descriptive essay.
Essay Map - ReadWriteThink x. Cause and Effect Graphic Organizers: Organize thoughts and ideas about smoking. Information: Cause and Effect Graphic Organizer.
Planning and Drafting the Cause-and-Effect Essay. Options. Printer Friendly Version; Email; Grade Levels.
copies of Cause with Multiple Effects Graphic Organizer for each student who chooses a cause topic Provide copies of the Cause-and-Effect Essay Outline and the appropriate graphic organizer for students.
This model includes a completed graphic organizer, cause and effect paper, and four point grading rubric for a cause and effect paper based on the character of Crash.
The rubric assesses intoduction, cause, effects, conclusion, and mechanics. A cause and effect essay is a format of writing where the writers describe the reasons and actions that lead to certain consequences or results.
Even though the essay can have a variety of different structures, the primary goal is to show a logical consequential correlation between Point A (an action, event, etc.) and Point B (a result, outcome.
An essential graphic organizer for all ELA classes! Students are asked to identify cause and effect of a story with this graphic organizer. This printable is customizable.Download